The Elements and Essentials of Powerful Presentations



Jon Martindale, DTM

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Elements and Essentials of Powerful Presentations

“The WhoWhereWhenWhy are needed ELEMENTS for What You are going to Say and How You are going to Say it.  HOWEVER, What You Say and How You Say it – are the 2 most important ESSENTIALS of Powerful Presentations.”  Jon Martindale, DTM

Let us first look at The WhoWhereWhenWhy. 

Who is your audience is a factor for every speaker. Is it 1 or 2? less than 10? more than 20? 50? 100? or more? Who will you be addressing?  Young Adults?  Older Adults?  Children?  Male?  Female? Mangers? Workers? Friendly or unfriendly toward subject?

Where are you going to be speaking?  Classroom? Auditorium? Banquet Hall? Platform? Lectern with microphone or stage with lapel mike?

When are you going to speak?  Early morning? Mid morning? Before Lunch? During Lunch? After Lunch? Mid day? Late afternoon? During Dinner? After Dinner?  Remember people get sleepy after heavy meal.

Why are you going to speak?  Educate? Entertain? Clarify? Persuade? Make a technical presentation? Tell a story?  Remember and realize the purpose of your speech.  Make and meet the objectives and keep in the time allotted.

Steve Drage, a Toastmaster friend, once evaluated a basic manual speech that I gave and he said he was going to give me a GLOVE evaluation.

He explained GLOVE is a mnemonic (memory aid) to help remember what you need to remember when doing an evaluation:

The G in GLOVE stands for Gestures

The L in GLOVE stands for Language

The 0 in GLOVE stands for Organization

The V in GLOVE stands for Visual-Vocal-Verbal

The E in GLOVE stands for Eye Contact – Emotion – Enthusiasm

The GLOVE is what you need to consider in WHAT YOU SAY and HOW YOU SAY IT to meet the ESSENTIALS of Powerful Presentations.

G for Gestures – How do you move your eyes (left, center, right, up/down)?  How do you move your head (turn to different parts of the room)?  How do you move your body?  Are your arms and hands in agreement with your language being used?  Up for visual, down for guttural.

L for Language– Are you using words that are Visual – Auditory – Kinesthetic – Gustatory – Olfactory?  Simple or Complex?  Do you use jargon or proper wording?  Remember short simple structured sentences are most effective.

O for organization– Use the 3 T’s.

·        First T- Tell em what you’re gona Tell em.  Tell Them What You are Going To Tell Them.  This is your introduction.

·        Second T – Tell em.  Tell Them.  This the body of the speech.  Short Speech usually 3 items.  Longer Speech maybe 7 items.  If they are taking notes usually keep it less than 10 items.

·        Third T – Tell em what your Told em.  Tell Them What You Told Them. This is your summary.

V’s for – Visual – Vocal – Verbal

·        Visual (How you look.  Hair combed, teeth brushed clothes clean.)

·        Vocal (How you sound.  Rate, rhythm, rhyme, pitch, volume, etc.)

·        Verbal (The words you use – pronunciation annunciation and correctness)

E’s for  – Eye contact – Emotions – Enthusiasm (Smile, be positive, be open, look at your audience to see how they are reacting to what you have to say.

Remember the Who – Where – When – Why are the ELEMENTS to better prepare What you going to say and use the GLOVE to practice the ESSENTIALS of How you say it. 

God bless and may you have a great next speech.